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Definitive Guide to Sativa, Indica, and Hybrid


April 26, 2017

Sativa, Indica, Hybrid Marihuana Tax StampsVeedverks products are divided into three experiences: sativa, indica, and hybrid. These terms are used throughout the industry to categorize the ever-growing list of strains of cannabis.  Here we'll explore where these terms came from and what they mean.

Origins

Understanding these terms requires knowing a little about their history. In 1753, Cannabis sativa was classified as a single species. Thirty-two years later, a second type of cannabis from India was identified. Its characteristics were sufficiently unlike Cannabis sativa to warrant a new species, so it was classified as Cannabis indica. To this day, sativa and indica are accepted as the two major subtypes of cannabis.

Because sativa and indica each possess unique characteristics and produce distinctive highs when consumed, it has been common to classify cannabis strains as one or the other. In more recent years, however, there have been a number of crossbreed strains, known as hybrids, that combine characteristics of both sativa and indica. Some hybrids approach a 50/50 mix, providing an all-over head/body high. Other hybrids lean one way or the other and could be classified as sativa-dominant or indica-dominant.

Given the wide variety of crossbreed strains, it is more accurate to abandon the “either-or” notion of sativas and indicas and rather to view them as two ends of a wide spectrum. Now, let’s look at the differences between sativa and indica and find out what defines both ends of the spectrum.

Sativa Hybrid Indica Spectrum

Why the colors?

The orange, purple, and green colors are not only used by Veedverks to differentiate our product packaging, but it is also an industry standard.


Leafly logoLeafly, the largest marijuana website in the world, is the authority on cannabis strains and their characteristics and effects. It catalogs strains and classifies them as sativa, indica, or hybrid with the corresponding colors of orange, purple, and green.

This coloring system has been adopted by most manufacturers, dispensaries, and growers.

Plant Differences

Probably the most common way of identifying whether a plant is sativa or indica is through the physical appearance of the plant.

Plant Structure

 Sativa Indica
Shape: Tall and thin
Height: 10-20 feet
Branches: Long
Maturation time: 10-16 weeks
Yield: 3 oz - 1 lb per plant
Shape: Short and bushy
Height: 2-4 feet
Branches: Shorter & fewer
Maturation time: 6-8 weeks
Yield: 1.5-2.5 oz per plant
Sativa plant Indica Plant


Leaves

Cannabis indica and sativa leaf spectrum

 Sativa Indica
Shape: Narrow 
Color: Light green
Shape: Fat & wide 
Color: Dark green


Buds

Cannabis indica and sativa bud spectrum

Sativa Indica
Size: Long 
Density: Sparse/whispy
Color: Can have a red/orange hue
Size: Short/round 
Density: Dense/heavy
Color: Can have a purple hue

 

Hybrid strains share qualities of sativas and indicas, both in physical appearance and effect. Some hybrids will appear and behave more like sativas, while others might be more indica-like.

Effects

Botanists aside, most people are mainly concerned with the differences between the effects of sativas and indicas on the brain and body.

High:

Cannabis high indica, hybrid, and sativa spectrum

Sativa Hybrid Indica

Results in an energetic,
uplifting and cerebral high. Great for getting stuff done. Often consumed in the morning.

Can exhibit a wide variety of effects, both sativa- and indica-like, depending on the strain. Veedverks Hybrid is a good daytime mix and has been known to amplify the effects of real cannabis.

Delivers a sedating, relaxing, full-body high. Great for fighting insomnia. For this reason, they are typically consumed before bed.

 

Symptom Relief:

 Sativa Indica
Fights depression
• Treats ADHD
• Stimulates hunger (for anorexia or cancer
patients)
• Feelings of well-being and ease
• Uplifting and cerebral thoughts
• Stimulates and energizes; combats fatigue
• Increases focus and creativity
• Alertness and optimism
• Good for social situations
• Fights insomnia
• Relieves chronic body pain
• Relieves spasms, reduces seizures
• Can treat fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis
or lupus
• Relieves headaches and migraines
• Relaxes muscles
• Relieves anxiety or stress
• Induces “couch lock”


Origins

Geography:

Indica Sativa regions map

Sativa Indica
Originated from equatorial regions where the growing season has relatively even photoperiods. This results in day and night cycles that are almost the same length year round. This means sativa varieties from these equatorial regions can complete their vegetative growth stage under a 12-hour light regime. The flowering is only triggered in the plant after it has thoroughly completed vegetative growth. Originated from northern India and the area formally known as Persia. The growing conditions in the mountainous regions of Asia can be demanding for vegetation. That’s why Cannabis indica plants have evolved into a hardy variety that matures early and generally shows moderate resistance to mold. Mature plants yield heavy resinous flowers and are ideal for indoor cultivation due to their shorter size and high THC production.


Hybrid

The hybrid classification has a much shorter history than sativa and indica. Hybrids have mostly been created through deliberate cross-breeding of sativas, indicas, and even other hybrids.

Naming Conventions:

Sativa Indica
Sativa weed strains have been associated with the name Haze due to their psychoactive effects. Indica is associated with Kush strains because they originated in the Hindu Kush mountain region of Afghanistan.


Sensory

Strains are not only differentiated by the balance of their cannabinoids, but also by their mix of terpenes. These effect the aromas and flavors of the strains, and often find their way into the names of the strains. Sour Diesel, Grape Ape, Pineapple Express, and Lemon Haze are a few examples of popular scent/flavor-based strains.

Aroma:

Sativa Indica
Sativa aromas are perceived high up the
nose, near the sinuses.
Indicas are perceived closer to the nostrils.


Flavor:

Spectrum

Sativa Indica
Sativa varieties are typically very piney and
earthy. Think of a skunky, danky Christmas
tree.
Indica strains are typically sweet and fruity.
Among them are all sorts of berry
flavors including blueberry, blackberry and
strawberry.


Veedverks Sativa, Hybrid, and Indica Blends

Veedverks packaging Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 tax stamps

So what three strains are used to create the Veedverks sativa, hybrid, and indica experiences?  Well, we didn't pick just one each.  We analyzed the makeup of the top five or six sativa strains, and determined the blend of CBD and terpenes that best simulate the sativa experience.  Same with indica and hybrid.  These were then combined to create our unique blends.

In nature, CBD (or cannabinoids in general)  and terpenes work hand-in-hand to create the differences between sativas and indicas.  We at Veedverks have simply reverse-engineered nature to create many of the same benefits and effects commonly derived from the cannabis plant.

Our sativa experience is uplifting, invigorating, and cerebral.  It is perfect for mornings and recommended for daytime use.  It can be the push needed to help be more productive or creative.

Our indica experience is perfect for unwinding your mind and body after an exhausting day.  It is usually consumed before bed and has helped many of our customers combat stress, anxiety, and insomnia.

Our hybrid experience can best be described as a life enhancer.  It helps you to mellow out and engage with your surroundings.  The experience begins as a well-balanced sativa, and gradually transitions into a non-sedating indica.  It has helped our customers deal with social situations and impatience.